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Journal Article

The Effects of Attending Selective College Tiers in China

Prashant Loyalka, Yingquan Song, Jianguo Wei
Social Science Research , 2012
We estimate the effects of attending the first versus second-tier of higher education institutions on Chinese students’ at-college and expected post-college outcomes using various quasi-experimental methods such as regression discontinuity, genetic matching, and regression discontinuity controlling for covariates. Overall we find that just attending the first versus second-tier makes little difference in terms of students’ class ranking, net tuition, expected wages, or likelihood of applying for graduate school. The results do show, however, that just attending the first versus second tier makes it less likely that students will get their preferred major choice.
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Journal Article

Behind Before They Begin: The Challenge of Early Childhood Education in Rural China

Renfu Luo, Linxiu Zhang, Chengfang Liu, Scott Rozelle, Brian Sharbono, Jennifer Adams
Australasian Journal of Early Childhood , 2012

The main goal of this paper is to analyze the factors (access, attendance and quality of preschools) that may be affecting the educational readiness of China’s rural children before they enter the formal school system. Using data from a survey of 80 preschools and 500 households in 6 counties in 3 provinces of China, this paper documents the nature of early childhood education (ECE) services and the educational readiness of children aged 4-5 in rural China. We present evidence that ECE services are seriously deficient.

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Journal Article

What is Keeping the Poor out of College? Enrollment Rates, Educational Barriers and College Matriculation in China

Xiaobing Wang, Chengfang Liu, Linxiu Zhang, Renfu Luo, Thomas Glauben, Yaojiang Shi, Scott Rozelle, Brian Sharbono
China Agricultural Economic Review , 2011

Opportunities to go to college and earn a degree have risen dramatically in China. Government investment into the college systems has skyrocketed and the size of universities has increased by more than five times over the past decade. With the rise in the opportunity to go to college, several questions naturally arise: Are the rural poor—perhaps those that would most benefit individually as well as provide spillovers to their home communities—being systematically excluded? If they are, what are the barriers that are keeping them from having access to higher education?

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Journal Article

Early Commitment on Financial Aid and College Decision Making of Poor Students: Evidence from Randomized Evaluation in Rural China

Chengfang Liu, Linxiu Zhang, Renfu Luo, Scott Rozelle, Brian Sharbono, Jennifer Adams, Yaojiang Shi, Ai Yue, Hongbin Li, Xiaobing Wang, Thomas Glauben
Economics of Education Review , 2011

Many educational systems have struggled with the question about how best to give out financial aid. In particular, if students do not know the amount of financial aid that they are receive before they make a decision about where to go to college and what major to study, it may distort their decision.

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Journal Article

Alarmingly High Anemia Prevalence in Western China

Renfu Luo, Xiaobing Wang, Chengfang Liu, Linxiu Zhang, Yaojiang Shi, Grant Miller, Scott Rozelle, Elaine Yu, Reynaldo Martorell
Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health , 2011

Despite rapid growth in China, it is unclear whether the poor have benefited in terms of nutrition. This paper’s goal is to understand the prevalence of anemia among school children in western China.We report on results from seven cross-sectional surveys involving 12,768 age 8-12 students. Sample students were selected randomly from 283 primary schools in 41 poor counties of Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi and Sichuan provinces. Data were collected through questionnaires and hemoglobin tests. The dataset represents 7 million age 8-12 children in poor western counties.

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Journal Article

College Education and the Poor in China: Documenting the Hurdles to Educational Attainment and College Matriculation

Xiaobing Wang, Chengfang Liu, Linxiu Zhang, Renfu Luo, Thomas Glauben, Yaojiang Shi, Scott Rozelle, Brian Sharbono
Asia Pacific Education Review , 2011

Although universities have expanded in size, it is unclear if the poor have benefited. If there are high returns to college education, then increasing access of the poor to college has important welfare implications. The objective of this paper is to document the rates of enrollment into college of the poor and to identify the hurdles to doing so.

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Journal Article

Anemia among Students of Rural China's Elementary Schools: Prevalence and Correlates in Ningxia and Qinghai's Poor Counties

Renfu Luo, Linxiu Zhang, Chengfang Liu, Qiran Zhao, Yaojiang Shi, Grant Miller, Elaine Yu, Brian Sharbono, Scott Rozelle, Reynaldo Martorell, Alexis Medina
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition , 2011

Although the past few decades have seen incomes rise and increased government commitment to helping the poor, there is concern that a large fraction of children in rural China still lack regular access to micronutrient-rich regular diets. Insufficient diets and poor knowledge of nutrition among low income populations can result in nutritional problems, including iron deficiency anemia, which adversely affect attention and learning in school.

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Journal Article

Conducting Influential Impact Evaluations in China: The Experience of the Rural Education Action Project (REAP)

Matthew Boswell, Scott Rozelle, Linxiu Zhang, Chengfang Liu, Renfu Luo, Yaojiang Shi
Journal of Development Effectiveness , 2011

Impact evaluation has become an increasingly integral part of development project design and execution in recent years. Many questions remain, however, about what methods yield the most compelling evaluations, and how best to implement them. The Rural Education Action Project (REAP) is among the most successful impact evaluation groups currently operating in China. The goal of this paper is to share five practical strategies that REAP has employed to maximize the effectiveness of our impact evaluations.

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Journal Article

Community Service, Social Responsibility and Educational Performance in Rural China's Middle Schools: Evidence from a Case Study of Northwest China

Renfu Luo, Yaojiang Shi, Linxiu Zhang, Chengfang Liu, Hongbin Li, Scott Rozelle, Brian Sharbono
Journal of Moral Education , 2011

The overall goal of this paper is to try to understand in the context China’s middle school education system what is the tradeoff between community service and educational performance. In addition, we seek to understand some of the other effects of participation in community service activities. When students participate in community service, does their self-esteem rise and/or self-efficacy rise? Finally, we also want to know if students participate in community service activities will their sense of social responsibility rise.

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Journal Article

Mapping Poverty in Rural China: How Much Does the Environment Matter?

Susan Olivia, John Gibson, Jikun Huang, Xiangzheng Deng, Scott Rozelle
Environment and Developmental Economics , 2011

A recently developed small area estimation technique is used to geographically derive detailed estimates of consumption-based poverty and inequality in rural Shaanxi, China. These estimates may be helpful for targeting since there is wide variability in poverty rates within Shaanxi but low levels of inequality within most counties and townships. We also investigate whether including environmental variables in the equation used to predict consumption and poverty improves upon typical approaches that only use household survey and census data.

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Journal Article

Which Households are Most Distant from Health Centers in Rural China? Evidence from a GIS Network Analysis

John Gibson, Xiangzheng Deng, Geua Boe-Gibson, Scott Rozelle, Jikun Huang
GeoJournal , 2011

In this paper we have two objectives - one empirical; one methodological. Although China's leaders are beginning to pay attention to health care in rural China, there are still concerns about access to health services. To examine this issue, we use measure of travel distances to health services to examine the nature of coverage in Shaanxi Province, our case study.

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