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Math and Chinese-Language Learning: Where Are China’s Vulnerable Subpopulations?

Journal Article

Published By

Asian Survey

2018

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This paper seeks to understand the learning outcomes that prevail across key subpopulations in China today. Data from a nationally representative survey show that rural youth are two years behind urban children in math and Chinese. Non-Han minorities, children in poorer counties, and children with less-educated parents are the most vulnerable.

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