Economic Affairs

Recent Publications

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Parental Investment, School Choice, and the Persistent Benefits of Intervention in Early Childhood

We present evidence from a randomized experiment testing the impacts of a six-month early childhood home-visiting program on child outcomes at school entry. Two and a half years after completion...

Does Paternal Involvement Matter for Early Childhood Development in Rural China?

Research in developed countries has found that paternal involvement has positive and significant effects on early childhood development (ECD). Less is known, however, about the state of paternal...

Passive Versus Active Service Delivery: Comparing the Effects of Two Parenting Interventions on Early Cognitive Development in Rural China

We present the results of a cluster-randomized controlled trial that evaluates the effects of a free, center-based parenting intervention on early cognitive development and parenting practices in...

The Prevalence and Correlates of Vision Impairment and Glasses Ownership among Ethnic Minority and Han Schoolchildren in Rural China

Purpose: To determine the prevalence of visual impairment and glasses ownership among Han Chinese and Hui minority junior high school children in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,...

Early Childhood Development and Parental Training Interventions in Rural China: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Introduction: Inadequate care during early childhood can lead to long-term deficits in skills. Parenting programmes that encourage investment in young children are a promising tool for improving...

Consultation Length, Process Quality and Diagnosis Quality of Primary Care in Rural China: A Cross-Sectional Standardized Patient Study

Objective: Consultation length, the time spent between patient and health care provider during a visit, is an essential element in measuring quality of health care patients receive from a primary...

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among Elementary Students in Rural China: Prevalence, Correlates, and Consequence

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a widely recognized mental health problem in developed countries but remains under-investigated in developing settings. This study...

Complicating China’s Rise: Rural Underemployment

China’s economy has doubled in size every eight years since 1979, making it over 32 times bigger now then it was then and the second largest in the world today.1 Four decades of growth have...

Special Issue: Agriculture, the Rural Economy and China's Growth in the 21st Century: Celebrating the 10th Anniversary of AAEA China Section

Scott Rozelle, Yuqing Zheng, and Chengfang Liu were the guest editors of this special issue on agriculture, the rural economy and China's growth in the 21st century. Scott Rozelle also...

Infant Cognitive Development and Stimulating Parenting Practices in Rural China

This study examines the prevalence of cognitive delay among infants and toddlers in rural China and its relationship with one of the potential sources of the observed delay: low levels of...

Comparing the Quality of Primary Care between Public and Private Providers in Urban China: A Standardized Patient Study

Previous studies have been limited by not directly comparing the quality of public and private CHCs using a standardized patient method (SP). This study aims to evaluate and compare the quality of...

Health, Economic, and Social Implications of COVID-19 for China's Rural Population

This study examines the effects of local and nationwide COVID‐19 disease control measures on the health and economy of China's rural population. We conducted phone surveys with 726 randomly...

Trajectories of Child Cognitive Development During Ages 0-3 in Rural Western China: Prevalence, Risk Factors and Links to Preschool-Age Cognition

Background: Cognitive development after age three tends to be stable and can therefore predict cognitive skills in later childhood. However, there is evidence that cognitive development is...

Variations in the Home Language Environment and Early Language Development in Rural China

The home language environment is critical to early language development and subsequent skills. However, few studies have quantitatively measured the home language environment in low-income,...

It All Starts at Home: 'Home Reading Environment and Reading Outcomes in Rural China'

Background: The educational resources that parents provide at home are crucial to their children’s development. In this study, we focused on home reading environment, a key contributor to success...

Skill Levels and Gains in University STEM Education in China, India, Russia, and the United States

Universities contribute to economic growth and national competitiveness by equipping students with higher-order thinking and academic skills. Despite large investments in university science,...

Improving Learning by Improving Vision: Evidence from Two Randomized Controlled Trials of Providing Vision Care in China

This paper examines the external validity of health intervention by comparing the impacts of providing free eyeglasses on the educational performance of nearsighted children in two settings: rural...

The Impact of Internet Use on Adolescent Learning Outcomes: Evidence from Rural China

Purpose: Internet use has become particularly prevalent among adolescents, prompting much thought and concern about both its potential benefits and adverse effects on adolescent learning...

Early Childhood Reading in Rural China and Obstacles to Caregiver Investment in Young Children: A Mixed-Methods Analysis

February 2021

Studies have shown that nearly half of rural toddlers in China have cognitive delays due to an absence of stimulating parenting practices, such as early childhood reading, during the critical first...

Tracking the Effects of COVID-19 in Rural China Over Time

January 2021

Background: China issued strict nationwide guidelines to combat the COVID-19 outbreak in January 2020 and gradually loosened the restrictions on movement in early March.

Rural Minimum Living Standard Guarantee (Rural Dibao) Program Boosts Children's Education Outcomes in Rural China

January 2021

Purpose: To combat poverty in China's rural areas, Chinese government has established an unconditional cash transfer program known as the Rural Minimum Living Standard Guarantee (Rural Dibao)...

IQ, Grit, and Academic Achievement: Evidence from Rural China

January 2021

Promoting an educated labor force is critical for emerging economies.

Cognitive Ability and Academic Performance Among Left-Behind Children: Evidence from Rural China

December 2020

Little attention has been paid to the role that low levels of cognitive development (or IQ) play among both left-behind children (LBCs) and children living with parents (CLPs) in the context of...

People

scott rozelle new headshot Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship, Co-director, SCCEI
ma yue headshot Yue Ma Research Scholar
huan wang stanford 1 Huan Wang Research Scholar
a man Prashant Loyalka Senior Fellow Associate Professor
hao xue pic2 Hao Xue Postdoctoral Research Scholar, REAP
zhou huan headshot Huan Zhou Affiliate
nathan congdon wideshot Nathan Congdon Professor, Queen's University Belfast
stanford profile Xiaochen Ma Lecturer
Portrait of Cody Abbey. Cody Abbey Project Manager, REAP
alexis   good Alexis Medina Associate Director, SCCEI
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