Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Children’s Social Welfare in China, 1989–1997: Access to Health Insurance and Education

December 2005

Fundamental changes in China’s finance system for social services have decentralized responsibilities for provision to lower levels of government and increased costs to individuals.

Mother's Education and Child Health: Is There a Nurturing Effect?

December 2006

In this paper, we examine the effect of maternal education on the health of young children by using a large sample of adopted children from China.

Malnutrition in China's Rural Boarding Schools: the Case of Primary Schools in Shaanxi Province

December 2009

The main goal of this paper is to document the nature of boarding schools and empirically analyze the difference of nutrition intake and malnutrition status between boarding and non-boarding...

Behind Before They Begin: The Challenge of Early Childhood Education in Rural China

March 2012

The main goal of this paper is to analyze the factors (access, attendance and quality of preschools) that may be affecting the educational readiness of China’s rural children before they enter the...

What is Keeping the Poor out of College? Enrollment Rates, Educational Barriers and College Matriculation in China

December 2011

Opportunities to go to college and earn a degree have risen dramatically in China.

Nutrition and Educational Performance in Rural China's Elementary Schools: Results of a Randomized Control Trial in Shaanxi Province

July 2012

Background.

Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infections and Correlated Risk Factors in Preschool and School-aged Children in Rural Southwest China

September 2012

We conducted a survey of 1707 children in 141 impoverished rural areas of Guizhou and Sichuan Provinces in Southwest China.

Health Insurance and Catastrophic Illness: A Report on the New Cooperative Medical System in Rural China

July 2009

The overall goal of the paper is to understand the progress of the design and implementation of China’s New Cooperative Medical System (NCMS) program between 2004 (the second year of the program)...

Effectiveness of provider incentives for anemia reduction in rural China: a cluster randomised trial

July 2012

Background: To study how misaligned supply-side incentives impede health programs in developing countries, we tested the impact of performance pay for anemia reduction in rural China.

Dormitory Management and Boarding Students in China’s Rural Elementary Schools

March 2014

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore whether an in-service life teacher training program can improve boarding students’ health, behavior, and academic performance.Design/methodology...

Neglected Rural Public Health Issue: The Case of Intestinal Roundworms

December 2013

Despite increasing institutional and financial support, certain public health issues are still neglected by the Chinese Government.

Meeting the Health-care Needs of the Rural Elderly: The Unique Role of Village Doctors

December 2013

Despite their recent deterioration, village clinics have historically been an important source of health care for the poor and elderly in rural China.

Text Messaging and Its Impacts on the Health and Education of the Poor: Evidence from Field Experiments in Rural China

October 2014

There is little evidence showing whether health information transmitted via text messages can change health and educational outcomes.

272- Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Southwestern China: Links to Cognitive Ability, Nutrition, and School Performance among Children

January 2014

Empirical evidence suggests that the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections in remote and poor rural areas is still high among children, the most vulnerable to infection.

Mental Health and Dropout Behavior: A Cross-Sectional Study of Junior High Students in Northwest Rural China

March 2015

Junior high dropout rates are up to 25% in poor, rural areas of China.

The Prevalence of Anemia in Central and Eastern China: Evidence From the China Health and Nutrition Survey

February 2015

Although China has experienced rapid economic growth over the past few decades, significant health and nutritional problems remain.

Gut Instincts: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices regarding Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Rural China

March 2015

Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are parasitic intestinal worms that infect more than two out of every five schoolchildren in rural China, an alarmingly high prevalence given the low cost and wide...

Are Children with Siblings Really More Vulnerable Than Only Children in Health, Cognition and Non-cognitive Outcomes? Evidence from a Multi-province Data set in China

March 2016

The general goal of the present study is to analyze whether children with siblings lag behind their only-child counterparts in terms of health and nutrition, cognition and educational performance,...

Impact of Text Message Reminders on Caregivers’ Adherence to a Home Fortification Program Against Child Anemia in Rural Western China: a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

July 2016

Objectives: To test whether text message reminders sent to caregivers will improve the effectiveness of a home micronutrient fortification program in western China.Methods: A cluster-randomized...

Maternal Health Services in China’s Western Rural Areas: Uptake and Correlates

May 2016

Purpose Many public health systems have struggled with the dual questions of: why the uptake rate of maternal health (MH) services is low among some subpopulations; and how to raise it.

To Board or Not to Board: Evidence from Nutrition, Health and Education Outcomes of Students in Rural China

May 2016

The debate over whether boarding school is beneficial for students still exists in both developing and developed countries.

Who are China's Rural Clinicians?

June 2016

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to measure the turnover (or stability in employment) of village clinicians in rural China over the past decade.

Adult child migration and elderly parental health in rural China

June 2016

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of adult children migration on the health status of elderlyparents.

Non-use of health care service among empty-nest elderly in Shandong, China: a cross-sectional study

July 2015

Background: Empty-nest elderly refers to those elderly with no children or whose children have already left home.

People

scott rozelle new headshot Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship, Co-director, SCCEI
zhou huan headshot Huan Zhou Affiliate
yianguo headshot Yian Guo Project Manager, REAP
alexis   good Alexis Medina Associate Director, SCCEI