Health and Medicine

Health and Medicine

FSI’s researchers assess health and medicine through the lenses of economics, nutrition and politics. They’re studying and influencing public health policies of local and national governments and the roles that corporations and nongovernmental organizations play in providing health care around the world. Scholars look at how governance affects citizens’ health, how children’s health care access affects the aging process and how to improve children’s health in Guatemala and rural China. They want to know what it will take for people to cook more safely and breathe more easily in developing countries.

FSI professors investigate how lifestyles affect health. What good does gardening do for older Americans? What are the benefits of eating organic food or growing genetically modified rice in China? They study cost-effectiveness by examining programs like those aimed at preventing the spread of tuberculosis in Russian prisons. Policies that impact obesity and undernutrition are examined; as are the public health implications of limiting salt in processed foods and the role of smoking among men who work in Chinese factories. FSI health research looks at sweeping domestic policies like the Affordable Care Act and the role of foreign aid in affecting the price of HIV drugs in Africa.

Recent Scholarly Publications

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among Elementary Students in Rural China: Prevalence, Correlates, and Consequence

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a widely recognized mental health problem in developed countries but remains under-investigated in developing settings. This study...

Special Issue: Agriculture, the Rural Economy and China's Growth in the 21st Century: Celebrating the 10th Anniversary of AAEA China Section

Scott Rozelle, Yuqing Zheng, and Chengfang Liu were the guest editors of this special issue on agriculture, the rural economy and China's growth in the 21st century. Scott Rozelle also authored...

Off the Epicenter: COVID-19 Quarantine Controls and Employment, Education, and Health Impacts in Rural Communities

October 2020

In late January 2020, China’s government initiated its first aggressive measures to combat COVID-19 by forbidding individuals from leaving their homes, radically limiting public transportation,...

Conditional Cash Transfers, Uptake of Maternal and Child Health Services, and Health Outcomes in Western Rural China

August 2020

Background: Empirical evidence suggests that the uptake of maternal and child health (MCH) services is still low in poor rural areas of China.

Depressive Symptoms and the Link with Academic Performance among Rural Taiwanese Children

April 2020

Previous studies reflect a high prevalence of depressive symptoms among Taiwanese adolescents (ages 13–18), but there is an absence of literature related to the risk of depression of children in...

Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) of Cysticercosis in School-Aged Children in Tibetan Rural Farming Areas of Western China: Implications for Intervention Planning

March 2019

Neurocysticercosis (NCC) significantly contributes to morbidity in developing countries. We recently published a study of prevalence and risk factors in school-aged children in three mountainous...

Social Engagement and Elderly Health in China: Evidence from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Survey (CHARLS)

January 2019

This study examines the impact of social engagement on elderly health in China. A two-stage residual inclusion (2SRI) regression approach was used to examine the causal relationship.

Caregiver Depression and Early Child Development: A Mixed-Methods Study From Rural China

December 2018

Half of rural toddlers aged 0–3 years in China’s Qinling Mountainous region are cognitively delayed.

Parental Migration and Left-Behind Children's Depressive Symptoms: Estimation Based on a Nationally-Representative Panel Dataset

May 2018

China’s rapid urbanization in the past several decades have been accompanied by rural labor migration.

Tuberculosis Detection and the Challenges of Integrated Care in Rural China: A Cross-sectional Standardized Patient Study

October 2017

Despite recent reductions in prevalence, China still faces a substantial tuberculosis (TB) burden, with future progress dependent on the ability of rural providers to appropriately detect and refer...

Impact of Text Message Reminders on Caregivers’ Adherence to a Home Fortification Program Against Child Anemia in Rural Western China: a Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

July 2016

Objectives: To test whether text message reminders sent to caregivers will improve the effectiveness of a home micronutrient fortification program in western China.Methods: A cluster-randomized...

Who are China's Rural Clinicians?

June 2016

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to measure the turnover (or stability in employment) of village clinicians in rural China over the past decade.

Adult child migration and elderly parental health in rural China

June 2016

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the effect of adult children migration on the health status of elderlyparents.

Maternal Health Services in China’s Western Rural Areas: Uptake and Correlates

May 2016

Purpose Many public health systems have struggled with the dual questions of: why the uptake rate of maternal health (MH) services is low among some subpopulations; and how to raise it.

To Board or Not to Board: Evidence from Nutrition, Health and Education Outcomes of Students in Rural China

May 2016

The debate over whether boarding school is beneficial for students still exists in both developing and developed countries.

Are Children with Siblings Really More Vulnerable Than Only Children in Health, Cognition and Non-cognitive Outcomes? Evidence from a Multi-province Data set in China

March 2016

The general goal of the present study is to analyze whether children with siblings lag behind their only-child counterparts in terms of health and nutrition, cognition and educational performance,...

Non-use of health care service among empty-nest elderly in Shandong, China: a cross-sectional study

July 2015

Background: Empty-nest elderly refers to those elderly with no children or whose children have already left home.

Impact of Childcare and Eldercare on Off-farm Activities in Rural China

July 2015

Using individual data collected in rural China and adopting Heckman’s two-step function, we examined the impact of childcare and eldercare on laborers’ off-farm activities.

Gut Instincts: Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices regarding Soil-Transmitted Helminths in Rural China

March 2015

Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are parasitic intestinal worms that infect more than two out of every five schoolchildren in rural China, an alarmingly high prevalence given the low cost and wide...

Mental Health and Dropout Behavior: A Cross-Sectional Study of Junior High Students in Northwest Rural China

March 2015

Junior high dropout rates are up to 25% in poor, rural areas of China.

The Prevalence of Anemia in Central and Eastern China: Evidence From the China Health and Nutrition Survey

February 2015

Although China has experienced rapid economic growth over the past few decades, significant health and nutritional problems remain.

Text Messaging and Its Impacts on the Health and Education of the Poor: Evidence from Field Experiments in Rural China

October 2014

There is little evidence showing whether health information transmitted via text messages can change health and educational outcomes.

Improving the Health and Education of Elementary Schoolchildren in Rural China: Iron Supplementation Versus Nutritional Training for Parents

July 2014

We report on the results of a randomised controlled trial conducted among over 2,000 children in 60 elementary schools in rural Shaanxi Province, North-west China.

Dormitory Management and Boarding Students in China’s Rural Elementary Schools

March 2014

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore whether an in-service life teacher training program can improve boarding students’ health, behavior, and academic performance.Design/methodology...

People

scott rozelle new headshot Scott Rozelle Senior Fellow Helen F. Farnsworth Endowed Professorship, Co-director, SCCEI
rsd15 055 0123a Grant Miller Senior Fellow Professor, Medicine (CHP/PCOR)
zhou huan headshot Huan Zhou Affiliate
alexis   good Alexis Medina Associate Director, SCCEI
yianguo headshot Yian Guo Project Manager, REAP