Early Childhood Development

Recent Scholarly Publications

Records 24 / 30

Variations in the Home Language Environment and Early Language Development in Rural China

The home language environment is critical to early language development and subsequent skills. However, few studies have quantitatively measured the home language environment in low-income,...

Early Childhood Reading in Rural China and Obstacles to Caregiver Investment in Young Children: A Mixed-Methods Analysis

February 2021

Studies have shown that nearly half of rural toddlers in China have cognitive delays due to an absence of stimulating parenting practices, such as early childhood reading, during the critical first...

Maternal Health Behaviors During Pregnancy in Rural Northwestern China

Background: Maternal health during pregnancy is a key input in fetal health and child development. This study aims to systematically describe the health behaviors of pregnant women in rural China...

Effects of Baby-Friendly Practices on Breastfeeding Duration in China: A Case-Control Study

November 2020

Background:  The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative is generally considered an effective way to promote breastfeeding.

Correlates of Participation in Community-Based Interventions: Evidence from a Parenting Program in Rural China

September 2020

A growing body of literature has documented that community-based early childhood development (ECD) interventions can improve child developmental outcomes in vulnerable communities.

“At Three Years of Age, We Can See the Future”: Cognitive Skills and the Life Cycle of Rural Chinese Children

July 2020

BACKGROUND: Although the Chinese education system has seen massive improvements over the past few decades, there are still large academic achievement gaps between rural and urban areas that...

Passive versus Active Service Delivery: Comparing the Effects of Two Parenting Interventions on Early Cognitive Development in Rural China

March 2020

We present the results of a cluster-randomized controlled trial that evaluates the effects of a free, center-based parenting intervention on early cognitive development and parenting practices in...

Parental Migration and Early Childhood Development in Rural China

March 2020

Nearly one-quarter of all children under age 2 in China are left behind in the countryside as parents migrate to urban areas for work.We use a four-wave longitudinal survey following young children...

Using Community Health Workers to Deliver a Scalable Integrated Parenting Program in Rural China: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial

September 2019

Inadequate care during early childhood can lead to long-term deficits in skill development.

Concurrent Validity of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire and the Bayley Scales of Infant Development III in China

September 2019

Choosing a valid and feasible method to measure child developmental outcomes is key to addressing developmental delays, which have been shown to be associated with high levels of unemployment,...

The Landscape of Early Childhood Development in Rural China

August 2019

In China, low levels of early childhood development (ECD) in rural areas may inhibit economic development as the nation attempts to transition from a middle-income manufacturing-based economy to a...

Stimulation and Early Child Development in China: Caregiving at Arm's Length

May 2019

ABSTRACT: Objective: To provide an empirical overview of the parenting landscape in rural China, focusing on 18- to 30-month-old children and their caregivers in rural Shaanxi province.

Use of maternal health services among women in the ethnic rural areas of western China

March 2019

Background: The use of maternal health services can markedly promote the maternal health and safety, but there has been a low utilization rate in the ethnic rural areas of western China....

Are Infant/Toddler Developmental Delays a Problem Across Rural China?

February 2019

Using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-III (BSID-III), we examine the rates of developmental delays among children aged 0–3 years in four major subpopulations of rural China,...

Breastfeeding and the Risk of Illness among Young Children in Rural China

January 2019

Poor rural areas in China exhibit the country’s highest rates of child mortality, often stemming from preventable health conditions such as diarrhea and respiratory infection.

Prenatal Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Early Development of Children in Rural Guizhou Province, China

December 2018

Background: There is a substantial body of evidence supporting the association between maternal active smoking during pregnancy and child development, but the association between prenatal exposure...

Caregiver Depression and Early Child Development: A Mixed-Methods Study From Rural China

December 2018

Half of rural toddlers aged 0–3 years in China’s Qinling Mountainous region are cognitively delayed.

Understanding the Situation of China’s Left‐Behind Children: A Mixed‐Methods analysis

December 2018

This research uses a mixed-methods analysis to examine how being left behind impacts the cognition/education,  nutrition,  and  mental  health  outcomes  of  children  in  rural  China.  We find ...

Is Infant/Toddler Anemia a Problem across Rural China? A Mixed-Methods Analysis

October 2018

In the past, iron-deficiency anemia in children has had a widespread presence in rural China.

Effect of Caregiver's mental Health on Early Childhood Development across Different Rural Communities in China

October 2018

Previous research has found that there are high rates of developmental delays among infants and toddlers in rural areas of China.

Do Infant Feeding Practices Differ Between Grandmothers and Mothers in Rural China? Evidence From Rural Shaanxi Province

August 2018

The overall goal of this study is to examine whether infant feeding practices differ between mothers and grandmothers in rural China.

China's Invisible Crisis: Cognitive Delays among Rural Toddlers and the Absence of Modern Parenting

June 2018

This article explores the problem of cognitive delays among toddlers in rural China and the role of their caregivers in producing low levels of cognition (i.e., low IQ).

The effect of a micronutrient powder home fortification program on anemia and cognitive outcomes among young children in rural China: a cluster randomized trial

November 2017

Background: Anemia early in life has been associated with delayed cognitive and motor development.

The Effect of Maternal Migration on Early Childhood Development in Rural China

December 2016

Nearly a quarter of all children under the age of two in China are left behind in the countryside as parents migrate to urban areas for work.