Health

Recent Scholarly Publications

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The Association between Micronutrient Powder Delivery and Caregiver Feeding Behaviors in Rural China

Background High adherence and proper usage of micronutrient powder (MNP) influence child nutritional outcomes, yet few studies explore the role of delivery patterns. This...

Impact of Vision Impairment and Ocular Morbidity and their Treatment on Depression and Anxiety in Children: A Systematic Review

Topic This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes existing evidence to establish whether vision impairment, ocular morbidity and their treatment are associated with...

Ordeal Mechanisms, Information, and the Cost-Effectiveness of Strategies to Provide Subsidized Eyeglasses

The cost-effectiveness of policies providing subsidized health goods is often compromised by limited use of the goods provided. Through a randomized trial involving 251 primary schools in western...

Gender Equity in Vision Care Seeking Behavior Among Caregivers: Evidence from a Randomized Controlled Trial in Rural China

Background Despite rising incomes and rapid economic growth, there remains a significant gender gap in health outcomes among rural children in China....

Factors Associated with the Spectacle Wear Compliance among Primary School Students with Refractive Error in Rural China

Purpose To study the factors determining spectacle-wear compliance and reasons for non-wear among students in rural China. Methods This study was...

The Prevalence and Correlates of Vision Impairment and Glasses Ownership among Ethnic Minority and Han Schoolchildren in Rural China

Purpose: To determine the prevalence of visual impairment and glasses ownership among Han Chinese and Hui minority junior high school children in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region,...

Consultation Length, Process Quality and Diagnosis Quality of Primary Care in Rural China: A Cross-Sectional Standardized Patient Study

Objective: Consultation length, the time spent between patient and health care provider during a visit, is an essential element in measuring quality of health care patients receive from a primary...

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among Elementary Students in Rural China: Prevalence, Correlates, and Consequence

Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a widely recognized mental health problem in developed countries but remains under-investigated in developing settings. This study...

Comparing the Quality of Primary Care between Public and Private Providers in Urban China: A Standardized Patient Study

Previous studies have been limited by not directly comparing the quality of public and private CHCs using a standardized patient method (SP). This study aims to evaluate and compare the quality of...

Health, Economic, and Social Implications of COVID-19 for China's Rural Population

This study examines the effects of local and nationwide COVID‐19 disease control measures on the health and economy of China's rural population. We conducted phone surveys with 726 randomly...

Effects of Vision Health Education and Free Eyeglasses on Knowledge of Vision and Usage of Spectacles Among Primary School Students: Evidence from Gansu and Shaanxi Provinces in China

Background In rural China, children’s vision problems are very common, with many who would benefit from refractive correction not getting the care they need....

Improving Learning by Improving Vision: Evidence from Two Randomized Controlled Trials of Providing Vision Care in China

This paper examines the external validity of health intervention by comparing the impacts of providing free eyeglasses on the educational performance of nearsighted children in two settings: rural...

Tracking the Effects of COVID-19 in Rural China Over Time

January 2021

Background: China issued strict nationwide guidelines to combat the COVID-19 outbreak in January 2020 and gradually loosened the restrictions on movement in early March.

Maternal Health Behaviors During Pregnancy in Rural Northwestern China

Background: Maternal health during pregnancy is a key input in fetal health and child development. This study aims to systematically describe the health behaviors of pregnant women in rural...

Effects of Baby-Friendly Practices on Breastfeeding Duration in China: A Case-Control Study

November 2020

Background:  The Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative is generally considered an effective way to promote breastfeeding.

Early Child Development and Caregiver Subjective Well-Being in Rural China

Purpose: This study aims to bridge the gaps in the existing literature by studying the links between children's development and the subjective well-being of the caregivers using first-hand...

Off the Epicenter: COVID-19 Quarantine Controls and Employment, Education, and Health Impacts in Rural Communities

October 2020

In late January 2020, China’s government initiated its first aggressive measures to combat COVID-19 by forbidding individuals from leaving their homes, radically limiting public transportation,...

Conditional Cash Transfers, Uptake of Maternal and Child Health Services, and Health Outcomes in Western Rural China

August 2020

Background: Empirical evidence suggests that the uptake of maternal and child health (MCH) services is still low in poor rural areas of China.

Depressive Symptoms and the Link with Academic Performance among Rural Taiwanese Children

April 2020

Previous studies reflect a high prevalence of depressive symptoms among Taiwanese adolescents (ages 13–18), but there is an absence of literature related to the risk of depression of children in...

Using Standardised Patients to Assess the Quality of Medical Records: An Application and Evidence from Rural China

November 2019

Background: Medical records play a fundamental role in healthcare delivery, quality assessment and improvement.

Can School Feeding Programs Reduce Malnutrition in Rural China?

November 2019

BACKGROUNDChildhood malnutrition is commonplace among poor rural communities in China. In 2012, China launched its first nationwide school‐feeding program (SFP) to address this problem.

Academic Achievement and Mental Health of Left-behind Children in Rural China

November 2019

Purpose – China’s rapid pace of urbanization has resulted in millions of rural residents migrating from rural areas to urban areas for better job opportunities.

Heterogeneous Impacts of Basic Social Health Insurance on Medical Expenditure: Evidence from China's New Cooperative Medical Scheme

November 2019

This paper examines the effects of China’s New Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS) on medical expenditure.

Dynamic Anemia Status from Infancy to Preschool-Age: Evidence from Rural China

August 2019

Anemia is a serious nutritional deficiency among infants and toddlers in rural China. However, it is unclear how the anemia status changes among China’s rural children as they age.