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Scott Rozelle
Journal Articles

Anemia among Students of Rural China's Elementary Schools: Prevalence and Correlates in Ningxia and Qinghai's Poor Counties

Renfu Luo, Linxiu Zhang, Chengfang Liu, Qiran Zhao, Yaojiang Shi, Grant Miller, Elaine Yu, Brian Sharbono, Scott Rozelle, Reynaldo Martorell, Alexis Medina
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 2011 October 1, 2011

Although the past few decades have seen incomes rise and increased government commitment to helping the poor, there is concern that a large fraction of children in rural China still lack regular access to micronutrient-rich regular diets. Insufficient diets and poor knowledge of nutrition among low income populations can result in nutritional problems, including iron deficiency anemia, which adversely affect attention and learning in school.

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Journal Articles

Conducting Influential Impact Evaluations in China: The Experience of the Rural Education Action Project (REAP)

Matthew Boswell, Scott Rozelle, Linxiu Zhang, Chengfang Liu, Renfu Luo, Yaojiang Shi
Journal of Development Effectiveness, 2011 September 1, 2011

Impact evaluation has become an increasingly integral part of development project design and execution in recent years. Many questions remain, however, about what methods yield the most compelling evaluations, and how best to implement them. The Rural Education Action Project (REAP) is among the most successful impact evaluation groups currently operating in China. The goal of this paper is to share five practical strategies that REAP has employed to maximize the effectiveness of our impact evaluations.

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Journal Articles

Community Service, Social Responsibility and Educational Performance in Rural China's Middle Schools: Evidence from a Case Study of Northwest China

Renfu Luo, Yaojiang Shi, Linxiu Zhang, Chengfang Liu, Hongbin Li, Scott Rozelle, Brian Sharbono
Journal of Moral Education, 2011 June 1, 2011

The overall goal of this paper is to try to understand in the context China’s middle school education system what is the tradeoff between community service and educational performance. In addition, we seek to understand some of the other effects of participation in community service activities. When students participate in community service, does their self-esteem rise and/or self-efficacy rise? Finally, we also want to know if students participate in community service activities will their sense of social responsibility rise.

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Journal Articles

Mapping Poverty in Rural China: How Much Does the Environment Matter?

Susan Olivia, John Gibson, Jikun Huang, Xiangzheng Deng, Scott Rozelle
Environment and Developmental Economics, 2011 February 14, 2011

A recently developed small area estimation technique is used to geographically derive detailed estimates of consumption-based poverty and inequality in rural Shaanxi, China. These estimates may be helpful for targeting since there is wide variability in poverty rates within Shaanxi but low levels of inequality within most counties and townships. We also investigate whether including environmental variables in the equation used to predict consumption and poverty improves upon typical approaches that only use household survey and census data.

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Journal Articles

Which Households are Most Distant from Health Centers in Rural China? Evidence from a GIS Network Analysis

John Gibson, Xiangzheng Deng, Geua Boe-Gibson, Scott Rozelle, Jikun Huang
GeoJournal, 2011 February 5, 2011

In this paper we have two objectives - one empirical; one methodological. Although China's leaders are beginning to pay attention to health care in rural China, there are still concerns about access to health services. To examine this issue, we use measure of travel distances to health services to examine the nature of coverage in Shaanxi Province, our case study.

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Journal Articles

The Effect of Primary School Mergers on Academic Performance of Students in Rural China

Chengfang Liu, Linxiu Zhang, Renfu Luo, Scott Rozelle, Prashant Loyalka
International Journal of Educational Development, 2010 December 31, 2010
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Journal Articles

New Evidence on the Impact of China’s New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme and its Implications for Rural Primary Healthcare: Multivariate Difference-in-difference Analysis

Kimberly Singer Babiarz, Grant Miller, Hongmei Yi, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle, Kim Singer Babiarz, Grant Miller, Hongmei Yi, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle
BMJ, 2010 October 1, 2010

Objectives: To determine whether China's New Rural Cooperative Medical Scheme (NCMS), which aims to provide health insurance to 800 million rural citizens and to correct distortions in rural primary care, and the individual policy attributes have affected the operation and use of village health clinics.

Design: We performed a difference-in-difference analysis using multivariate linear regressions, controlling for clinic and individual attributes as well as village and year effects.

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Journal Articles

Anemia in Rural China’s Elementary Schools: Prevalence and Correlates in Shaanxi Province’s Poor Counties

Renfu Luo, Max Kleiman-Weiner, Scott Rozelle, Linxiu Zhang, Chengfang Liu, Brian Sharbono, Yaojiang Shi, Ai Yue, Reynaldo Martorell, Michelle Lee
Ecology of Food and Nutrition, 2010 September 1, 2010

Background. Despite growing wealth and the growing commitment of China’s government to providing quality education, a significant share of children across rural China still have no access to regular sources of iron-rich foods, vitamins and other micronutrients. Such poor diets may not only result in high incidences of nutritional problems, including anemia, good nutrition has been shown to be an effective input into the creation of human capital.

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Journal Articles

A comparison of rural and urban healthcare consumption and health insurance

H. Holly Wang, Shaomin Huang, Linxiu Zhang, Scott Rozelle, Yuanyuan Yan
China Agricultural Economic Review, 2010 July 6, 2010
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Journal Articles

Good and Bad News From China's New Cooperative Medical Scheme

Linxiu Zhang, Hongmei Yi, Scott Rozelle
IDS Bulletin, 2010 July 1, 2010
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Journal Articles

Does Taking One Step Back Get You Two Steps Forward? Grade Retention and School Performance in Poor Areas in Rural China

Xinxin Chen, Linxiu Zhang, Chengfang Liu, Yaojiang Shi, Scott Rozelle
International Journal of Educational Development, 2009 December 31, 2009

Despite the rise in grade retention in poor areas in rural China recently, little work has been done to understand the impact of grade retention on the educational performance of students in these areas in rural China. This paper seeks to redress this shortcoming and examines the effect of grade retention on educational performance on 1649 students in 36 elementary schools in Shaanxi province.

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Working Papers

Educating Beijing's Migrants: A Profile of the Weakest Link in China's Education System

Xiaochen Ma, Chengfang Liu, Renfu Luo, Linxiu Zhang, Yujie Bai, Yaojiang Shi, Scott Rozelle, Brian Sharbono
2009 December 31, 2009

Although rural schools in China are still lagging behind urban schools in the quality of education provided, the government has made considerable efforts in improving rural education. In March of 2006, the central government announced that over the next five years it would provide the funding needed to finally implement the Compulsory Education Law of 1986, which mandated free and compulsory nine-year education (Xinhua, 2006).

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Working Papers

How Much Does An Elementary School Merger Cost? Evidence from Rural China

Chengfang Liu, Scott Rozelle, Linxiu Zhang
University of California, Davis / Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Chinese Academy of Sciences, REAP Working Paper, 2009 December 31, 2009
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Journal Articles

Malnutrition in China's Rural Boarding Schools: the Case of Primary Schools in Shaanxi Province

Renfu Luo, Yaojiang Shi, Linxiu Zhang, Chengfang Liu, Scott Rozelle, Brian Sharbono
Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2009 December 1, 2009

The main goal of this paper is to document the nature of boarding schools and empirically analyze the difference of nutrition intake and malnutrition status between boarding and non-boarding students in western rural China. By using two data sets about boarding schools and boarding students in Shaanxi Province, a representative province in western rural China, this paper finds that dormitory and student canteen facilities in boarding schools are under-equipped and services are poor quality and far below that needed for student development.

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Journal Articles

Development Challenges, Tuition Barriers and High School Education in China

Chengfang Liu, Linxiu Zhang, Renfu Luo, Scott Rozelle, Brian Sharbono, Yaojiang Shi
Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2009 December 1, 2009

China has made remarkable progress along the path of economic transformation over the past three decades. To continue its rapid growth in an economy with increasingly higher wages, China’s key challenge is whether it can become competitive in quasi-skilled and skilled industrial sectors so that upscale factories can be induced to establish themselves in China? This study seeks to increase our understanding of high school education in China at a time when the nation is facing challenges in its development path.

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Journal Articles

Health Insurance and Catastrophic Illness: A Report on the New Cooperative Medical System in Rural China

Hongmei Yi, Linxiu Zhang, Kim Singer Babiarz, Scott Rozelle, Scott W. Atlas
Health Economics, 2009 July 1, 2009

The overall goal of the paper is to understand the progress of the design and implementation of China’s New Cooperative Medical System (NCMS) program between 2004 (the second year of the program) and 2007. In the paper we seek to assess some of the strengths and weaknesses of the program using a panel of national- representative, household survey data that were collected in 2005 and early 2008. According to our data, we confirm the recent reports by the Ministry of Health that there have been substantial improvements to the NCMS program in terms of coverage and participation.

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Books

Governance Structures and Resource Policy Reform: Insights from Agricultural Transition

Johan Swinnen, Scott Rozelle
Annual Review of Resource Economics, 2009 June 26, 2009

New research on the political economy of policy-induced distortions to incentives for optimal resource use in agriculture and insights from the study of the dramatic reforms in former state-controlled economy has led to enhanced insights on the role of governance structures on policy making in agricultural and natural resources. This paper reviews these research developments and key new insights.

 

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Journal Articles

Reconciling the Returns to Education in Off-Farm Wage Employment in Rural China

Alan deBrauw, Scott Rozelle
Review of Development Economics, 2008 February 1, 2008

Previous studies have found that the returns to education in rural China are far lower than estimates for other developing economies. In this paper, we seek to determine why previous estimates are so low and provide estimates of what we believe are more accurate measures of the returns. Whereas estimates for the early 1990s average 2.3 percent, we find an average return of 6.4 percent.

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Journal Articles

Returns to Education in Rural China

Emily Hannum, Albert Park, Alan de Brauw, Scott Rozelle
Education and Reform in China, Chapter 12, 2007 December 31, 2007
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Journal Articles

Migration, Money and Mothers: The Effect of Migration on Children's Educational Performance in Rural China

Scott Rozelle, Xinxin Chen, Yaojiang Shi, Weiwei Zhao
Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies, Stanford University, 2007 December 31, 2007

Migration is widely known as one of the main ways of alleviating poverty in developing countries, including China. However, migration itself is not costless. In recent years, there is an emerging concern about the effect of migration on the educational achievement of the children of migrants in China since most of the young children of school age of the migrants are being left in the village when one or both of their parents move to the city to work.

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Journal Articles

Labor Market Emergence and Returns to Education in Rural China

Scott Rozelle, Qiang Li, Linxiu Zhang, Alan deBrauw
Review of Agricultural Economics, 2005 December 31, 2005

This paper examines the emergence of labour markets in China through the lens of returns to rural education. It demonstrates that methodology plays an important role in explaining the low estimates of returns in previous studies. When wages are defined on an hourly basis and sample selectivity is controlled, estimated rates of return rise. In addition, using data on households (n=1199) followed over 15 years (1988-2002), the paper shows that returns have risen over time.

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Journal Articles

Employment, Emerging Labor Markets, and the Role of Education in Rural China

Scott Rozelle, Jikun Huang, Linxiu Zhang
China Economic Review, 2002 December 31, 2002

The overall goal of this paper is to contribute to the ongoing assessment of China’s rural labor markets. To meet this goal, we have three specific objectives. First, we will provide an update of the trends in off-farm labor participation and wages of the sample households and examine how labor market outcomes have changed for those with different levels of education. Second, we will then seek to examine if education in different time periods – the late 1980s, the early 1990s and the mid 1990s -- can be associated with increasing access to off-farm jobs.

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Working Papers

237- Does Computer-Assisted Learning Improve Learning Outcomes? Evidence from a Randomized Experiment in Public Schools in Rural Minority Areas in Qinghai, China

Fang Lai, Linxiu Zhang, Qinghe Qu, Xiao Hu, Yaojiang Shi, Matthew Boswell, Scott Rozelle
1900 January 1, 1900

The education of disadvantaged populations has been a long-standing challenge to the education system in both developed and developing countries. Although computer-assisted learning (CAL) has been considered one alternative to improve learning outcomes in a cost-effective way, the empirical evidence of its impacts on improving learning outcomes is mixed.

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Pages